Red spotted Valdostana
The red spotted Valdostana, like the other spotted red breeds populating the base of Monte Bianco, probably derives its name from black and white cattle from Northern Europe introduced by the Burgundians towards the end of the fifth century.
It is the most widespread native breed in the Western European Alps, where it has perfectly adapted to the geographic and climatic conditions.
It is characterised by a red coat dappled with colour variations from light red to deep red. The head is generally white with short, thin and red ears while the abdominal region, the distal parts of the limbs and tail are white. The horns are yellowish and are directed forward and upward. The limbs are short and vigorous, with large joints, the hocks are strong and the shins are short and solid. The claws are tightened and made up of a compact horny tissue.
Unique characteristics of the breed
The red spotted Valdostana is characterised by great locomotive capacity, even on inaccessible slopes, thanks to robust limbs, extremely durable hooves, tough constitution and a relatively "light" frame(live weight around
Besides its unique adaptability to adapt to harsh climates and resistance to common diseases allow its exploitation in areas where other demanding races, in terms of food and management, are unlikely to be profitable. Cows generally show good fertility, meaning considerable ease of calving and high reproductive efficiency; they are also long-lived, frugal and are characterised by a liking for the use and exploitation of roughage.
Black-Brown spotted Valdostana
The black and brown spotted Valdostana represent, with their Hérens cousins raised in Switzerland, the cattle group which originally inhabited the Alps and is probably derived from the brachycephalic breeds. The brachycephalic breeds, with the broad skull, are characterised by their lively authoritarian character and for their hardiness.
Spotted black and brown Valdostana breeds, while differing among themselves in terms of the coat colour, are part of the same genealogical herd.
The coat of the black spotted
breed is characterised by the presence of black and white pigments distinctly distributed to form the classical size and by a star on the forehead which is generally very visible; in the brown spotted breed the black and red pigments are combined continuously to form shades ranging from all black to fawn. Mucous membranes are apparent and the hooves are usually black; the head is pigmented, short, with distinct and vigorous expression; the forehead is broad with rather large, usually black, strong and robust horns and directed forward and upward.
As for the red spotted Valdostana the limbs are short and vigorous, shins are short, tether solid, the horns strong and tight and the hooves are hard.